|Titre :||The Impact of the Professional Qualifications of the Prenatal Care Provider on Breastfeeding Duration (2018)|
|Type de document :||Article : texte imprimé|
|Dans :||Breastfeeding Medicine (Vol. 13, n°2, Mars 2018)|
|Article en page(s) :||pp. 106-111|
"Background: A prenatal commitment to breastfeed is a strong predictor for breastfeeding success. Prenatal care providers have the opportunity to educate and promote breastfeeding. However, differences in education and training between healthcare providers such as physicians and midwives may result in differing breastfeeding outcomes. This study explores whether breastfeeding initiation and duration differ by prenatal care provider.
Materials and Methods: Longitudinal data from the Infant Feeding Practices Survey II were analyzed (N = 2,832 women). Prenatal care providers were categorized as obstetrician, family/other physician, and midwife/nurse-midwife. Breastfeeding initiation was dichotomized (yes; no). Breastfeeding duration and exclusive breastfeeding duration were reported in weeks. Logistic regression was used to investigate the relationship between prenatal care provider and breastfeeding initiation. Cox proportional hazard models provided crude and adjusted hazard ratios and 95% confidence limits to determine the relationship between type of prenatal care provider and breastfeeding duration.
Results: After adjusting for confounders, women who received care from a midwife were 68% less likely to never breastfed than women whose prenatal care was provided by an obstetrician. Women whose prenatal care was provided by a midwife had 14% lower risk of discontinuing breastfeeding and 23% lower risk of discontinuing exclusive breastfeeding. No significant association was found between women whose prenatal care was provided by a family physician or other type of physician and breastfeeding initiation and duration.
Conclusion: Findings highlight the importance of prenatal care providers on breastfeeding duration. Future studies should examine factors (i.e., training, patientprovider interaction) that contribute to differences in breastfeeding outcomes by type of prenatal care provider." [Résumé de l'auteur]