Exclu du prêt
|Titre :||A Comparison of Factors Associated with Cessation of Exclusive Breastfeeding at 3 and 6 Month (2017)|
|Auteurs :||Aurora Fernández-Cañadas Morillo, Auteur ; Duque Modesto Durán, Auteur ; Ana B. Hernández López, Auteur|
|Type de document :||Article : texte imprimé|
|Dans :||Breastfeeding Medicine (Vol 12, n°7, Septembre 2017)|
|Article en page(s) :||pp. 430-435|
"Aim: To analyze the association of labor and sociodemographic factors with cessation of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) at 3 and 6 months of life.
Materials and Methods: A prospective cohort study (n = 529) was performed in a tertiary hospital with the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) award. Labor and sociodemographic factors were investigated. Single-term newborns were included. After 3 and 6 months, telephone calls were made to determine the type of lactation. Univariate analysis was performed with the chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. Multivariable logistic regression models were developed to determine risk factors associated with cessation of breastfeeding at 3 and 6 months.
Results: At 3 months, 523 participants (98.9%) were contacted, of whom 64.4% maintained EBF. Factors associated with cessation were pacifier use (odds ratio [OR] 3.49; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 2.245.43), cesarean delivery (OR 4.49; 95% CI 2.966.83), no college degree (OR 2.01; 95% CI 1.353.01), and not attending breastfeeding support groups (OR 1.96; 95% CI 1.223.12). At 6 months, 512 participants (96.8%) were contacted, of whom 31.4% maintained EBF. Factors associated with cessation were reintegration into the workplace (OR 4.49; 95% CI 2.966.83), pacifier use (OR 3.49; 95% CI 2.245.43), and primiparity (OR 1.61; 95% CI 1.052.46).
Conclusions: Several risk factors are associated with the premature cessation of EBF. There is a need to define strategies to correct modifiable factors and to promote protective factors with the aim of improving the success rate of EBF to reach the recommendations of the World Health Organization."[résumé de l'auteur]