|Titre :||Historical Research: The Origin of Formula: State of the Science, 1890s (2020)|
|Auteurs :||Jacqueline H. Wolf, Auteur|
|Type de document :||Article : texte imprimé|
|Dans :||Journal of Human Lactation (Vol. 36, n°3, Aout 2020)|
|Article en page(s) :||pp. 410413|
In 1900, 13% of infants in the United States died before their first birthday, most of dehydration from diarrhea. As part of a nationwide effort to save the babies, pediatricians focused on several endeavorsexperimenting with commercially made infant-food products; working with dairy farmers to clean up cows milk; lobbying to pass municipal and state legislation regulating the dairy industry; and devising mathematical formulas that represented instructions to chemists on how to humanize cows milk for the needs of a particular infant. Pediatricians dubbed the latter endeavor percentage feeding and, from the 1890s to the 1920s, they deemed percentage feeding a lifesaving scientific achievement. The complex, virtually infinite array of mathematical formulas that comprised this infant-feeding system is the origin of the word formula as used today to describe artificial baby milk."