|Titre :||Association Between Intrapartum Factors and the Time to Breastfeeding Initiation (2020)|
|Auteurs :||Heidi Sze Lok Fan, Auteur ; Janet Yuen Ha Wong, Auteur ; Daniel Yee Tak Fong, Auteur ; Marie Tarrant, Auteur ; Kris Y.W Lok, Auteur|
|Type de document :||Article : texte imprimé|
|Dans :||Breastfeeding Medicine (Vol. 15, n°6, Juin 2020)|
|Article en page(s) :||pp. 394-400|
|Catégories :||Accouchement naturel ; Césarienne ; Démarrage de l'allaitement ; Facteur socioéconomique ; Grossesse ; Inégalité sociale ; Médicament ; Niveau socio économique ; Thérapeutique médicamenteuse|
|Note de contenu :||
Background/Objectives: Early breastfeeding initiation is strongly recommended. Reasons for delayed breastfeeding initiation often include intrapartum interventions such as induction of labor, opioid pain medication administration, epidural analgesia, and caesarean birth. The majority of existing studies examining the timeliness of breastfeeding initiation are from low- or middle-income countries. The objective of this study is to examine intrapartum interventions on the time to breastfeeding initiation in a cohort of mothers from a high-income country.
Materials and Methods: A cohort of 1,277 new mothers was recruited within 24 hours after birth from 4 hospitals in Hong Kong from 2011 to 2012. Participants completed a self-administered questionnaire immediately after recruitment. The rates of intrapartum interventions and the time to the first breastfeed were collected from participants' hospital record.
Results: Among participants, 575 (45.5%) initiated breastfeeding within 1 hour of birth and the median time to the first breastfeed was 1.5 hours. The use of opioid pain medication (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR]: 0.78, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.670.91), assisted vaginal birth (aHR: 0.74, 95% CI 0.560.97), and caesarean section (aHR: 0.30, 95% CI 0.250.36) were associated with delayed breastfeeding, whereas epidural analgesia and induction of labor had no effect on breastfeeding initiation. Natural birth (i.e., no intrapartum interventions) was also significantly associated with early breastfeeding initiation (aHR: 1.75, 95% CI 1.541.99).
Conclusions: Breastfeeding initiation was delayed in participants who had a caesarean birth and who received opioid pain medication. These women may require additional support to initiate breastfeeding soon after birth.