|Titre :||Another Look at WICs Breastfeeding Data: State Totals Reveal More Than Regional Averages (2019)|
|Auteurs :||Shari Salzhauer Berkowitz, Auteur|
|Type de document :||Article : texte imprimé|
|Dans :||Journal of Human Lactation (Vol. 35, n°1, Février 2019)|
|Article en page(s) :||pp. 37-41|
|Catégories :||Alimentation ; Analyse ; Bénéfices de l'allaitement ; Complément alimentaire ; Epidémiologie ; Etats-Unis ; Etude longitudinale ; Etude transversale ; Etudes d'observation ; Géographie ; Lait maternel ; Méthodologie de recherche ; Nutrition maternelle ; Pratique de l'allaitement ; Santé|
Breastfeeding is known to be the most beneficial way of feeding infants, but 68% of the infants enrolled in the U.S. Department of Agricultures Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children are fully formula fed. Mandated annual reports about breastfeeding aggregate data from the states into regions, which obscures important information.
The aim of this study is to reexamine the data supplied by the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children to identify which areas of the United States have the lowest incidence of breastfeeding infants.
A retrospective cross-sectional observational study was conducted. Data from the Breastfeeding Data Local Agency Report were extracted, graphed, and analyzed.
Data provided from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children for fiscal year 2016 show that the range of fully formula fed infants at the regional level is 60% to 78%, while at the state level the range is wider, at 51% to 89%. The states with the largest numbers of fully formula fed infants were Mississippi (89%), Louisiana (88%), Alabama (88%), and Arkansas (87%). When examining data from all 90 reporting agencies, the range of fully formula fed infants was 38% to 95%.
Aggregating state, Native American nation, and territorial data at the regional level resulted in a loss of important information. WICs current breastfeeding interventions may be more effective in some areas than others. Future research can examine successful and unsuccessful interventions on a state or local level."[Résumé de l'auteur]