|Titre :||Feasibility and Acceptability of Metformin to Augment Low Milk Supply: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial (2019)|
|Auteurs :||Laurie Ann Nommsen-Rivers, Auteur ; Sarah Riddle, Auteur ; Laura Ward, Auteur|
|Type de document :||Article : texte imprimé|
|Dans :||Journal of Human Lactation (Vol. 35, n°2, Mai 2019)|
|Article en page(s) :||pp. 261-271|
Metformin improves insulin action, but feasibility in treating low milk supply is unknown.
To determine the feasibility of a metformin-versus-placebo definitive randomized clinical trial in women with low milk production and signs of insulin resistance.
Pilot trial criteria included: Mother 18 weeks postpartum (ideally 12 weeks), low milk production, and ≥1 insulin resistance sign; and singleton, healthy, term infant. Eligible mothers were randomly assigned 2:1 (metformin:placebo) and instructed in frequent milk removal for 28 days with option to stop at 14 days.
From 02/2015 through 06/2016, we screened 114 women, completed baseline assessments on 46, and trialed 15 (median, 36 days postpartum). Comparing metformin-assigned (n = 10) to placebo (n = 5), 70% versus 80% continued to day 28; peak median change in milk output was +8 versus 58 mL/24 hr (p = .31) and 80% peaked at Day 14 for both groups; 0% versus 20% desired to continue assigned drug after study completion; 44% versus 0% reported nausea/vomiting. Post-hoc, median peak change in milk output was +22 (metformin completers, n = 8) versus 58 mL/24 hr (placebo + non-completers, n = 7, p = .07). At baseline assessment, median milk production was significantly lower in those with (n = 31), versus those without (n = 15) signs of insulin resistance (p = .002).
Although results trend toward hypothesized direction, trial feasibility concerns include late enrollment and only 20% of metformin-assigned participants sustaining improved milk output to Day 28, with none perceiving metformin worthwhile. Better tools are needed to identify and treat metabolically-driven low milk production. Registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02179788) on 02/JUL/2014."[Résumé de l'auteur]