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Awareness of Breastfeeding Laws and Provisions of Students and Employees of Institutions of Higher Learning in Georgia / AK Anderson in Journal of Human Lactation, Vol. 35, n°2 (Mai 2019)
Titre : Awareness of Breastfeeding Laws and Provisions of Students and Employees of Institutions of Higher Learning in Georgia Type de document : texte imprimé Auteurs : AK Anderson, Auteur ; Evan Johnson, Auteur ; Nicole Motoyasu, Auteur Année de publication : 2019 Article en page(s) : pp. 323-339 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : Analyse
Droit du Travail
Epidémiologie« Etude de la distribution et des déterminants des états ou des évènements liés à la santé
dans des populations spécifiques, et l’utilisation de cette connaissance pour le contrôle de
la santé »
Last JM, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2001
Groupe de population
Nutrition du nourrisson
Politique de santé
Pratique de l'allaitement
Résumé : "Background:
Over the past 2 decades, southern states in the United States have recorded the lowest breastfeeding rates. It is not known whether awareness of breastfeeding laws and provision of resources play any role in their breastfeeding practices.
The aims were (a) to describe awareness of breastfeeding laws and provisions by students and employees of institutions of higher learning in the state of Georgia, (b) to describe awareness by race and ethnicity, and (c) to determine factors associated with awareness of breastfeeding laws and provisions among students and employees within Georgia institutions of higher learning.
A cross-sectional online survey of students (n = 1,923) and employees (n = 1,311) associated with five institutions within the University System of Georgia (N = 3,271) was completed. Convenience sampling was used. Data were collected through Qualtrics. Chi-square test was used to examine differences between groups, while logistic regression was used to examine associations.
Participants included 33.3% undergraduate, 26.2% graduate students, 24.6% staff, 14.2% faculty, and 1.7% administrators. Over two thirds were female and white. Almost one third reported having a child or children. Awareness of breastfeeding laws and provisions was very low among respondents, with 26.6 and 9.6% aware of federal and state provisions, respectively. While less than 10% were familiar with the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative program, 52.6% reported their institution provides a supportive environment for breastfeeding. Being a student and being a minority were negatively associated with awareness of laws and provisions that support breastfeeding.
The need for focused efforts on increasing awareness of legislative and institutional provisions and support for breastfeeding exists." [Résumé de l'auteur]
in Journal of Human Lactation > Vol. 35, n°2 (Mai 2019) . - pp. 323-339[article]Barriers to Breastfeeding in Female Physicians / Rebecca M Cantu in Breastfeeding Medicine, Vol. 13, n°5 (Juin 2018)
Titre : Barriers to Breastfeeding in Female Physicians Type de document : texte imprimé Auteurs : Rebecca M Cantu, Auteur ; Marie S. Gowen, Auteur Année de publication : 2018 Article en page(s) : pp.341-45 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : Etudiant
Frein à l'allaitement
Résumé : Background: Breast milk is considered the normative nutrition for human infants, and exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life is recommended by several national and global societies. Female physicians are a high-risk group for early unintended weaning. We aimed to assess and compare the most common barriers to successful breastfeeding perceived by female physicians in various stages of training and practice.
Materials and Methods: Female faculty physicians and trainees (medical students, resident physicians, and fellows) affiliated with a large medical university in 2016 were surveyed via an anonymous web-based survey distributed through institutional e-mail lists. The three-item survey assessed role, breastfeeding experience, and perceived barriers to successful breastfeeding. Comparisons between groups were performed using Wilcoxon rank-sum tests or Fisher's exact tests.
Results: The survey was distributed to 1,301 women with 223 responses included in analysis. The majority (57%) of respondents had never breastfed; of those, 87% reported plans to breastfeed in the future. Ninety-seven percent of women with breastfeeding experience reported at least one perceived barrier to successful breastfeeding. Trainees identified more barriers compared with faculty physicians (median count 5 versus 3, p = 0.014). No individual barrier reached statistical significance when comparing between faculty and trainees. The most frequently identified barriers to breastfeeding were lack of time and appropriate place to pump breast milk, unpredictable schedule, short maternity leave, and long working hours.
Conclusions: Physicians and medical students who breastfeed face occupation-related barriers that could lead to early unintended weaning. Trainees and faculty report similar barriers. Institutional support may help improve some barriers to successful breastfeeding in female physicians.
in Breastfeeding Medicine > Vol. 13, n°5 (Juin 2018) . - pp.341-45[article]