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Comparative Effect of Feeding Human Milk as Opposed to Formula on Visual Function and Ocular Anatomy / Erdinç Bozkurt in Breastfeeding Medicine, Vol. 14, n°7 (Septembre 2019)
Titre : Comparative Effect of Feeding Human Milk as Opposed to Formula on Visual Function and Ocular Anatomy : Clinical Practice Type de document : texte imprimé Auteurs : Erdinç Bozkurt, Auteur ; Hayrunnisa B. Bozkurt, Auteur Année de publication : 2019 Article en page(s) : pp.493-498 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : Allergie
Pathologie de l'oeil
Résumé : "Background/Objective: Performance of ocular examinations on children who were breastfed, fed with formula, and combination of the two for the first 6 months of age. Subsequently, refractive errors, allergic conjunctivitis, and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness were evaluated.
Materials and Methods: The present study included a total of 242 eyes of 121 children (aged 60–84 months, 65 males, 56 females) admitted to the outpatient clinic of our institution. The patients were divided into three groups according to their feeding pattern during their first 6 months postdelivery: breastfed children (Group 1, n = 40), children fed with a combination of breast and formula milk (Group 2, n = 41), and children exclusively fed with formula-milk (Group 3, n = 40). All patients underwent detailed ophthalmologic examinations, and measurements of the RNFLs were recorded.
Results: No significant difference was observed between the groups in terms of refractive error. In Group 3, we found that allergic conjunctivitis was significantly higher than in the other groups. In addition, in Group 3, the thickness of the RNFL was found to be significantly higher in the superior quadrants of both the eyes of children than in Groups 1 and 2 (p < 0.05).
Conclusions: We found that the type of feeding experienced by infants in their first 6 months has no effect on refractive error but has significant effects on both allergic conjunctivitis and RNFL. To determine the cause of this difference in the RNFL and to further validate the present study, future studies with larger patient groups and animal experiments are needed."[Résumé de l'auteur]
in Breastfeeding Medicine > Vol. 14, n°7 (Septembre 2019) . - pp.493-498[article]A Comparison of Breast Milk and Sucrose in Reducing Neonatal Pain During Eye Exam for Retinopathy of Prematurity / Ayse Sener Taplak in Breastfeeding Medicine, Vol. 12, n°5 (Juin 2017)
Titre : A Comparison of Breast Milk and Sucrose in Reducing Neonatal Pain During Eye Exam for Retinopathy of Prematurity Type de document : texte imprimé Auteurs : Ayse Sener Taplak, Auteur ; Emine Erdem, Auteur Année de publication : 2017 Article en page(s) : pp. 305-310 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : Douleur
Pathologie de l'oeil
Prématuré (avant 37 semaines)
Prise en charge de la douleur
Solution de saccharose
Résumé : "Background: This double-blind randomized controlled experimental study aimed to determine the effects of breast milk and sucrose in reducing pain in preterm infants during retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) examination.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted with 60 preterm infants (breast milk group = 20, sucrose group = 20, and control/distilled water group = 20) meeting the inclusion criteria. The data were collected with the use of an Infant Evaluation Form, Procedure Monitoring Form, and Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP). The preterm infants were provided with 1 mL of breast milk, sucrose, and distilled water before the ROP examination. The pain level in preterm infants was measured by the PIPP 5 minutes before, during, and 5 minutes after the ROP examination. The ROP examinations were video recorded, and videos were evaluated by three observers blinded to the study.
Results: No significant difference was determined between the three groups in terms of their postconceptional and postnatal ages, their body weights at birth and during the ROP examination. The PIPP scores of the preterm infants in the three groups were higher during the ROP examination and were not significantly different. The PIPP scores of the control group were significantly higher than those in the breast milk and sucrose groups after the ROP examination (p < 0.001). The preterm infants in the breast milk group recovered and returned to their initial values more quickly after the ROP examination than the infants in the sucrose group.
Conclusion: To reduce pain in preterm infants during ROP examination, breast milk is recommended." [Résumé de l'auteur]
in Breastfeeding Medicine > Vol. 12, n°5 (Juin 2017) . - pp. 305-310[article]