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Breastfeeding: A Review of Its Physiology and Galactogogue Plants in View of Traditional Persian Medicine / Roghayeh Javan in Breastfeeding Medicine, Vol 12, n°7 (Septembre 2017)
Titre : Breastfeeding: A Review of Its Physiology and Galactogogue Plants in View of Traditional Persian Medicine Type de document : texte imprimé Auteurs : Roghayeh Javan, Auteur ; Behjat Javadi, Auteur ; Zohre Feyzabadi, Auteur Année de publication : 2017 Article en page(s) : pp. 401-409 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : Galactogogue (plante)
Lactation (thérapeutique non médicamenteuse)
Revue de la littérature
Résumé : "Introduction: The beneficial effects of breastfeeding for the infant and mother are well recognized. Many natural products are reputed to be galactogogue agents in major Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM) textbooks. The aim of this study is to review those medicinal plants that are reported to be effective in increasing breast milk in TPM and to compare the data from TPM texts with the findings of modern pharmacological and clinical research.
Materials and Methods: Data on the medicinal plants used to increase breast milk were obtained from major TPM textbooks. A detailed search in PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Google Scholar, and Web of Science databases was performed to confirm the effects of medicinal plants mentioned in TPM on lactation in view of the identified pharmacological actions.
Results: Foeniculum vulgare, Anethum graveolens, Pimpinella anisum, Nigella sativa, and Vitex agnus-castus are among the most effective galactogogue TPM plants. Many pharmacologically relevant activities have been reported for these herbs.
Conclusion: The use of traditional knowledge can pave the way toward finding effective phytopharmaceuticals for increasing breast milk."[résumé de l'auteur]
in Breastfeeding Medicine > Vol 12, n°7 (Septembre 2017) . - pp. 401-409[article]Incidence and Risk Factors of Mastitis in Shiraz, Iran: Results of a Cohort Study / Mahnaz Zarshenas in Breastfeeding Medicine, Vol. 12, n°5 (Juin 2017)
Titre : Incidence and Risk Factors of Mastitis in Shiraz, Iran: Results of a Cohort Study Type de document : texte imprimé Auteurs : Mahnaz Zarshenas, Auteur ; Yun Zhao, Auteur ; Shahnaz Poorarian, Auteur Année de publication : 2017 Article en page(s) : pp. 290-296 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : Etude de cas ou de cohorte
Résumé : "Background: Approximately one in five Western women who breastfeed are likely to experience acute mastitis. This study investigated the incidence and risk factors of acute mastitis in a cohort of Iranian women.
Subjects and Methods: Subjects were 672 participants of the Shiraz Infant Feeding Study conducted between June 2014 and March 2015. Mothers were recruited from the maternity ward and followed up at 1, 3, 4, and 6 months postpartum to obtain information on their breastfeeding practices and experiences. The occurrence of acute mastitis in the first 26 weeks postpartum was self-reported and the occurrence of acute mastitis in the first 4 weeks and between 5 and 12 weeks postpartum was treated as separate outcomes. The risk factors for acute mastitis were explored using multivariable logistic regression analysis.
Results: In total, 130 mothers (19.3%, 95% confidence interval: 16.3–22.3%) experienced at least one episode of acute mastitis. Having expressed breast milk and use of a pacifier were significantly associated with acute mastitis in both the first 4 weeks and between 5 and 12 weeks postpartum. Persistent problems with cracked or sore nipples, or engorged breasts, and a reduction in breastfeeding were associated with acute mastitis between 5 and 12 weeks.
Conclusions: The incidence of acute mastitis experienced by this cohort of Iranian women is similar to that reported for women in Western countries. The risk factors of acute mastitis identified in this study are potentially modifiable and could be prevented or ameliorated with adequate support and anticipatory guidance provided in the early postpartum period." [Résumé de l'auteur]
in Breastfeeding Medicine > Vol. 12, n°5 (Juin 2017) . - pp. 290-296[article]Long-Term Neurodevelopmental Outcome of Neonates with Hypernatremic Dehydration / Hassan Boskabadi in Breastfeeding Medicine, Vol. 12, n°3 (Avril 2017)
Titre : Long-Term Neurodevelopmental Outcome of Neonates with Hypernatremic Dehydration Type de document : texte imprimé Auteurs : Hassan Boskabadi, Auteur ; Javad Akhondian, Auteur ; Maliheh Afarideh, Auteur Année de publication : 2017 Article en page(s) : pp. 163-168 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : Alimentation
Connaissances vis à vis de l'allaitement
Croissance et développement
Résumé : "Background: Neonatal hypernatremic dehydration (NHD) is a dangerous condition that can lead to severe weight loss, renal impairment, and central nervous system complications. We aimed to evaluate the consequences of NHD in infants in their second year of life.
Materials and Methods: This was a prospective case–control study in Ghaem hospital, Mashhad, Iran. Sixty-five healthy breastfed neonates (serum sodium concentration <150 mmol/L) and 65 hypernatremic (serum sodium concentration ≥150 mmol/L) neonates were followed up from 2008 to 2011. Maternal and neonatal factors were compared between the two groups together with their growth parameters, and developmental milestones (using Denver II developmental assessment scores) were assessed and compared in ages 6, 12, 18, and 24 months, respectively.
Results: The weight of infants at 6 months of age was significantly different between the two groups (7,264 ± 1,089 g vs. 7,596 ± 957 g, p = 0.009). Twenty-five percent of infants in the group who had developed NHD had a delay in development at 6 months of age, with corresponding values of 21% at 12 months, 19% at 18 months, and 12% at 24 months of age. Developmental delay was ∼0.3% for the control group at similar ages. The severity of hypernatremia was strongly correlated with poor developmental outcome at 6 months (p = 0.001). Serum sodium concentration of neonates was 153–195 mg/dL in the NHD group. Median peak serum sodium was 158 ± 16 in case group and 141 ± 9 in control group. Serious complications were cerebral edema (five cases), hemorrhage (five cases), and kidney stones (six cases).
Hypernatremic dehydration has an adverse effect on child development especially in the first year of life, their prevalence decreases with advanced age. Growth problems are also present during their first year of life. The major signs and symptoms of infants with poor prognosis on admission were poor feeding (8 infants, 61.5%), seizure (3 infants, 23.1%), hyperthermia (1 infant, 7.7%), and lethargy (1 infant, 7.7%).
Conclusions: NHD affects growth parameters and developmental milestones of children. Occasionally the child's weight gain was normalized by the end of first year of life; although developmental delay continued, its severity was reduced, with age." [Résumé de l'auteur]
in Breastfeeding Medicine > Vol. 12, n°3 (Avril 2017) . - pp. 163-168[article]