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Reasons for Infant Feeding Decisions in Low-Income Families in Washington, DC / Onize Oniwon in Journal of Human Lactation, Vol. 32 n° 4 (Novembre 2016)
Titre : Reasons for Infant Feeding Decisions in Low-Income Families in Washington, DC Type de document : texte imprimé Auteurs : Onize Oniwon, Auteur ; Jennifer A.F. Tender, Auteur ; Jianping He, Auteur Année de publication : 2016 Article en page(s) : pp. 704-710 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : Afro-américain
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Résumé : Background: Breastfeeding rates for low-income, African American infants remain low.
Objective: This study aimed to determine the barriers, support, and influences for infant feeding decisions among women enrolled in the Washington, DC, Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) after revisions in the WIC package to include more food vouchers for breastfeeding mothers and their infants and improvement of in-hospital breastfeeding support.
Methods: We surveyed 100 women, using a 42-item verbally administered survey that asked about demographics, infant feeding method, and influences and support for feeding decisions.
Results: The majority of participants (76%) initiated breastfeeding; 31% exclusively breastfed in the hospital. Participants were more likely to breastfeed if they had some college education, were unemployed or employed full-time, had only one child, and had been breastfed themselves as infants. Barriers to prolonged breastfeeding included limited support after hospital discharge, pain, and perceived insufficient milk supply. Participants in this study had higher breastfeeding initiation and in-hospital exclusivity rates after improvement of in-hospital breastfeeding support.
Conclusion: Clients of WIC initiated breastfeeding at a high rate but either supplemented with formula or stopped breastfeeding for reasons that could be remedied by improved prenatal education, encouragement of exclusive breastfeeding in the hospital, and more outpatient support. [Résumé de l'auteur]
in Journal of Human Lactation > Vol. 32 n° 4 (Novembre 2016) . - pp. 704-710[article]