Détail de l'auteur
Auteur Karen Shattuck
Documents disponibles écrits par cet auteur
Ajouter le résultat dans votre panier Faire une suggestion Affiner la recherche
Breastfeeding Education and Support Services Provided to Family Medicine and Obstetrics–Gynecology Residents / Elizabeth Rodriguez Lien in Breastfeeding Medicine, Vol 12, n°9 (Novembre 2017)
Titre : Breastfeeding Education and Support Services Provided to Family Medicine and Obstetrics–Gynecology Residents Type de document : texte imprimé Auteurs : Elizabeth Rodriguez Lien, Auteur ; Karen Shattuck, Auteur Année de publication : 2017 Article en page(s) : pp. 548-553 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : Connaissance et enseignement sur l'allaitement
Résumé : "Background: Breastfeeding education is known to be insufficient in pediatric (PEDS) training and is, in part, responsible for suboptimal rates of breastfeeding. No recent studies about the level of education provided to family medicine (FM) and obstetrics–gynecology (OB) residency trainees are available.
Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate breastfeeding education and support services provided to FM and OB residents in the United States. The results were compared with a 2011 study of PEDS residents.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a web-based survey emailed to program directors (PDs) of FM and OB residency programs in the United States.
Results: Eighteen percent of PDs (95 of 515) completed the survey. Of these, 88% answered questions regarding education and support services provided. A median of 23 hours of breastfeeding education is provided to OB residents (4-year program) and 8 hours provided to FM residents (3-year program). In comparison, PEDS programs reported a median of 9 hours. The most commonly used settings included lectures with faculty and lactation consultants, similar to the PEDS study. Approximately 75% of respondents cited barriers to educating residents, with limited resident time being the most common. Eighty-one percent of respondents identified breastfeeding rooms as the service most frequently provided to residents who breastfeed.
Conclusions: FM and PEDS residents are provided similar amounts of breastfeeding education, while OB programs provide more education, but in different settings. Reported barriers to this education are similar in all specialties. Support services are more commonly provided in PEDS programs."[résuméde l'auteur]
in Breastfeeding Medicine > Vol 12, n°9 (Novembre 2017) . - pp. 548-553[article]Ebola Virus and Marburg Virus in Human Milk Are Inactivated by Holder Pasteurization / Erin Hamilton Spence in Journal of Human Lactation, Vol. 33, n°2 (Mai 2017)
Titre : Ebola Virus and Marburg Virus in Human Milk Are Inactivated by Holder Pasteurization Type de document : texte imprimé Auteurs : Erin Hamilton Spence, Auteur ; Monica Huff, Auteur ; Karen Shattuck, Auteur Année de publication : 2017 Article en page(s) : pp. 351-354 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : Composition du lait
Résumé : "Background:
Potential donors of human milk are screened for Ebola virus (EBOV) using standard questions, but testing for EBOV and Marburg virus (MARV) is not part of routine serological testing performed by milk banks.
This study tested the hypothesis that EBOV would be inactivated in donor human milk (DHM) by standard pasteurization techniques (Holder) used in all North American nonprofit milk banks.
Milk samples were obtained from a nonprofit milk bank. They were inoculated with EBOV (Zaire strain) and MARV (Angola strain) and processed by standard Holder pasteurization technique. Plaque assays for EBOV and MARV were performed to detect the presence of virus after pasteurization.
Neither EBOV nor MARV was detectable by viral plaque assay in DHM or culture media samples, which were pasteurized by the Holder process.
EBOV and MARV are safely inactivated in human milk by standard Holder pasteurization technique. Screening for EBOV or MARV beyond questionnaire and self-deferral is not needed to ensure safety of DHM for high-risk infants." [Résumé de l'auteur]
in Journal of Human Lactation > Vol. 33, n°2 (Mai 2017) . - pp. 351-354[article]