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Auteur Marie S. Gowen
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Barriers to Breastfeeding in Female Physicians / Rebecca M Cantu in Breastfeeding Medicine, Vol. 13, n°5 (Juin 2018)
Titre : Barriers to Breastfeeding in Female Physicians Type de document : texte imprimé Auteurs : Rebecca M Cantu, Auteur ; Marie S. Gowen, Auteur Année de publication : 2018 Article en page(s) : pp.341-45 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : Etudiant
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Résumé : Background: Breast milk is considered the normative nutrition for human infants, and exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life is recommended by several national and global societies. Female physicians are a high-risk group for early unintended weaning. We aimed to assess and compare the most common barriers to successful breastfeeding perceived by female physicians in various stages of training and practice.
Materials and Methods: Female faculty physicians and trainees (medical students, resident physicians, and fellows) affiliated with a large medical university in 2016 were surveyed via an anonymous web-based survey distributed through institutional e-mail lists. The three-item survey assessed role, breastfeeding experience, and perceived barriers to successful breastfeeding. Comparisons between groups were performed using Wilcoxon rank-sum tests or Fisher's exact tests.
Results: The survey was distributed to 1,301 women with 223 responses included in analysis. The majority (57%) of respondents had never breastfed; of those, 87% reported plans to breastfeed in the future. Ninety-seven percent of women with breastfeeding experience reported at least one perceived barrier to successful breastfeeding. Trainees identified more barriers compared with faculty physicians (median count 5 versus 3, p = 0.014). No individual barrier reached statistical significance when comparing between faculty and trainees. The most frequently identified barriers to breastfeeding were lack of time and appropriate place to pump breast milk, unpredictable schedule, short maternity leave, and long working hours.
Conclusions: Physicians and medical students who breastfeed face occupation-related barriers that could lead to early unintended weaning. Trainees and faculty report similar barriers. Institutional support may help improve some barriers to successful breastfeeding in female physicians.
in Breastfeeding Medicine > Vol. 13, n°5 (Juin 2018) . - pp.341-45[article]