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Auteur Lingling Wang
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Association Between Duration of Breastfeeding and Maternal Hypertension: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis / Guangbo Qu in Breastfeeding Medicine, Vol. 13, n°5 (Juin 2018)
Titre : Association Between Duration of Breastfeeding and Maternal Hypertension: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Type de document : texte imprimé Auteurs : Guangbo Qu, Auteur ; Lingling Wang, Auteur ; Xue Tang, Auteur Année de publication : 2018 Article en page(s) : pp.318-326 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : Allaitement long
Durée de l'allaitement
Résumé : Objectives: Recently, an increasing number of studies have implied that breastfeeding has a protective effect on maternal hypertension, but it remains controversial. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of breastfeeding on maternal hypertension through meta-analysis.
Materials and Methods: Eligible studies were searched and identified in various databases. Meta-analysis was conducted to assess the association between the duration of breastfeeding and maternal hypertension.
Results: Seven eligible studies that contained 444,759 participants were included in our study. Meta-analysis of these seven studies showed a significant protective effect of breastfeeding on maternal hypertension. Specifically, pooled odds ratios (ORs) of hypertension for >0–6, >6–12, and >12 months of breastfeeding were 0.92 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.88–0.96, I2 = 67.5%), 0.89 (95% CI: 0.86–0.92, I2 = 0), and 0.88 (95% CI: 0.84–0.93, I2 = 43.9%), respectively, compared with nonbreastfeeding mothers, and the pooled OR of hypertension was 0.93 (95% CI: 0.91–0.95, I2 = 40.8%) for women who breastfed compared with women who had not. Furthermore, the pooled hazard ratio of hypertension was 1.34 (95% CI: 1.17–1.52, I2 = 58.7%) for women who did not breastfeed compared with women who breastfed for more than 12 months for their first child.
Conclusion: Different durations of breastfeeding have different protective effects against the development of maternal hypertension, and breastfeeding for >12 months has a better effect than <12 months.
in Breastfeeding Medicine > Vol. 13, n°5 (Juin 2018) . - pp.318-326[article]